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Comprehensive Learner Record (CLR)

Learning happens at every stage of the journey.

A customizable personal digital record for all learning experiences.


A Comprehensive Learner Record (CLR) shows a complete picture of lifelong learning, from the earliest stages of learning to advanced education to career achievements.

The CLR standard allows organizations to manage and showcase learner records like courses, competencies, skills, internships, Open Badges, in a verifiable and machine-readable format.

CLR Overview

Educators and employers succeed when they see the whole learner.


Educators at all levels and employers of all types know that
CLR helps lifelong learners succeed today and prepare for the world ahead.

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion for All

Recognize individuals based on their skills, experiences, and what they know and can do.

Individual Growth and Empowerment

Create a culture of lifelong learning and reward a variety of achievements.

Learning Pathways and Opening Doors

Identify skills to master and embrace new opportunities when they happen.

Sharing data throughout a person’s education and career pathway gives lifelong learners a secure and validated record that K-12 and higher ed can trust and employers expect.

The CLR Community

The 1EdTech CLR standard aligns with ongoing guidance from AACRAONASPA, and is compatible with the W3C Verifiable Credentials proposal and the Credential Engine Registry.

    The 1EdTech standards opened our eyes to the possibilities of providing students with both our traditional and expanded credentials in a manner that would give them agency over them and how, and to whom, they’re disclosed. In addition, we recognized the power of standards to enable the provider, the student and the recipient to use digital tools to send, receive, consume, interpret, and perhaps most importantly, to trust the credentials and the value propositions they represent.

    Photo of User
    Mark McConahay
    Consultant and Comprehensive Learner Record Coordinator

    Make all learning count, no matter where it takes place.

    A web-friendly interoperable digital record, CLR is designed to be flexible enough to support a wide range of use cases to meet the needs of students, registrars, employees, and employers.

    K-12 and Higher Education

    Recognizing the individual learner. 

    Validate a wide range of learning experiences and showcase an individual's progress toward mastery of standards.



    Finding the needle in a haystack of talent.

    Save time and resources by pinpointing the best candidates, generating an instant shortlist, and checking their backgrounds.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Comprehensive Learner Records occupy a unique space in the edtech ecosystem.
    Get answers to your questions below:

    CLR stands for Comprehensive Learner Record—an open data standard from 1EdTech, a non-profit dedicated to lifelong learning. The CLR is a standard way to describe and share learning-related plans, achievements, skills, and milestones over a person’s lifetime. An individual will have multiple CLRs, one from each learning organization. It’s the common standard that makes CLR records interoperable, and because the records are in digital form, they can be protected from unauthorized change and verified. This means the recipients can rely on the validity of the data. The records themselves are initiated by schools, colleges, the military, or employers and available for the individual learner or worker to share throughout their education and career.

    The CLR outright does not replace a traditional academic transcript but can support it.

    According to the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO), “New forms of student records are emerging that do not replace traditional academic transcripts but are focused on and capture information that demonstrates evidence of learning while pursuing a college education that cannot be represented by the information on courses, credits, and grades carried on these traditional transcripts. CLRs represent a much wider picture of student learning and recognize that learning occurs in various settings. Such learning may come from academic courses, competency-based instruction, or co-curricular or experiential learning supervised by the college or university (examples include research projects, internships, global education, leadership in clubs or organizations, service learning, etc.). These have been known as extended transcripts (an early label that was somewhat quickly abandoned to avoid confusion with traditional academic transcripts), comprehensive student records, and most recently, comprehensive learner records (CLR).”

    The main use case for the CLR is a record for the learner to share their verifiable achievements and skills with others in a secure form, allowing for selection and curation without alteration.

    Open Badges are a visual form of recognition easily shareable on the web, for example, via social media.

    Badges are one type of achievement that can be included within a Comprehensive Learner Record (CLR). There are many others.

    1EdTech publishes the Open Badges and CLR standards. Open Badges was originally developed by the Mozilla Foundation and transferred to 1EdTech stewardship in 2016.

    Educators designed the CLR to record more about learning achievements than is possible with a digital badge. CLR provides the opportunity to contextualize learning achievements and assessment outcomes within a specific program, credential, or sequence of learning activities as in a pathway.

    CLR-based achievements can be associated with each other to communicate relationships, such as in a hierarchy required for program scaffolding or stackable micro-credentials working toward a degree.

    Both Open Badges and CLR-based achievements can be aligned to external frameworks with links that can provide additional information about the badge or achievement.

    The term Comprehensive Learner Record was first used by Lumina Foundation to represent the capabilities of learner-controlled and worker-controlled credentials.

    An LER is a broad term to describe a collection of credentials and other artifacts that may be related to education or employment. These records can be anything from transcripts, licenses, certifications, and other credentials such as a resume or work history.

    The broad category of LERs doesn’t necessarily follow specific technical specifications or standards. However, there are existing technical specifications that are LERs, including Open Badges, Comprehensive Learner Record Standard™ (CLR), and Verifiable Credentials (VCs).

    In short, a Comprehensive Learner Record Standard™ (CLR) is an LER. The latest version of the CLR Standard™, CLR version 2.0 is also a Verifiable Credentials (VC), making them a powerful tool to support learners and earners of credentials.

    The CLR has been selected by AACRAO as its official standard for digital learner records.

    The term LER has been used in projects that combine a standard from the W3C called the Verifiable Credential and a variety of other data payloads that can include the CLR.

    1EdTech Members get access to early specification work and benefit from participation with peers and early adopters.  Additional materials, including those that may be publicly available can be found below.

    Access Technical Information


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